Liz Truss faces an extended listing of robust challenges after taking workplace as prime minister tomorrow, following a summer season of strikes, water shortages and hovering inflation.

Truss beat rival Rishi Sunak by securing 57% of the vote, racking up 81,326 to his 60,399 – a decrease margin than any earlier Tory chief chosen by celebration members.

And he or she could have “one of many shortest political honeymoons in fashionable historical past” as she begins tackling her “daunting in-tray”, mentioned the Monetary Occasions (FT). This summer season’s “prolonged political vacuum” means the brand new PM will “want to maneuver quick to familiarize yourself with coverage challenges of giant proportions”.

After taking up from Boris Johnson, Truss will face a rustic that “clamours for solutions to very large questions” that his “caretaker authorities” had felt “unempowered to tackle”, mentioned the BBC’s political editor Chris Mason.

Listed below are 5 of essentially the most urgent questions that the UK’s new chief might want to tackle.

1

What cost-of-living assistance will UK households get?

Truss confronted rising calls throughout the management marketing campaign to stipulate her plans for tackling the cost-of-living disaster, as inflation hit double digits and concern grew over hovering power costs. In an article within the Every day Mail final month, Johnson wrote that “whoever takes over from me” would announce “one other enormous bundle of monetary assist” for struggling UK households. 

A spokesperson for Truss mentioned final week that as PM she would “guarantee folks get the assist wanted to get via these robust occasions” – but additionally insisted that no selections can be made till the tip of the management contest. 

Nevertheless, in response to The Occasions, her “allies and officers” have held talks with power business leaders “to debate plans for a fuel and electrical energy value freeze”.

The Telegraph reported final week that the “menu of choices” that the Treasury will current to the brand new PM additionally features a “nuclear” VAT lower of 5% that may save the common family greater than £1,300 yearly. Truss was additionally mentioned to have been contemplating extending a 5p lower in gasoline obligation that was attributable to finish in March. 

And at the ultimate hustings occasion within the management election, she mentioned there can be “no new taxes” if she grew to become PM.

2

How will she tackle pressing overseas coverage points?

The “clearest concept” of what Truss’s management might be like is on the subject of overseas affairs, mentioned The Spectator’s Katy Balls. As overseas secretary, Truss “was held again by Boris Johnson”. As PM, she’s more likely to “take a extra muscular stance towards aggressors”.

Johnson’s “vigorous assist for Ukraine just isn’t in any nice jeopardy”, mentioned The Economist. Visiting Kyiv can be “a precedence and her first overseas name” can be to President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, mentioned Balls. However her stance might be “extra hawkish” than Johnson’s, as Truss “abhors recommendations of Ukraine reducing any peace deal”.  

Relations with the EU “hit a nadir” underneath Johnson, mentioned the FT. And although her predecessor gave French President Emmanuel Macron’s proposal of a European “political group” “some lip-service”, Truss is “unlikely” to do the identical, mentioned Balls. In the course of the hustings, she mentioned the one factor the EU understood was “energy” – and that the “jury is out” on whether or not Macron is a “pal or foe” to the UK. 

However “the primary main parliamentary check” Truss is more likely to face is “a full-frontal assault” on the federal government’s plans to rewrite the Northern Eire Protocol, mentioned Politico. The “explosive” protocol invoice is “going through an actual battle” within the Home of Lords, the place it’s seen as “an government energy seize”, giving UK ministers “the ability to disregard essential elements of the painstakingly negotiated Brexit deal”. 

“The stakes are excessive, and friends are in no temper to compromise,” mentioned the information web site. 

3

Can she calm the general public sector disaster?

Truss “will instantly face the wrath of union leaders” who’ve “flexed their muscle tissues” over pay and dealing circumstances throughout a sequence of walkouts this summer season, mentioned the FT. 

In August, the previous overseas secretary promised to cease the “militant commerce unions holding our nation to ransom” if she grew to become chief. 

She plans to create new legal guidelines “inside a month of taking workplace” that might introduce “minimal service ranges on important nationwide infrastructure” to maintain transport and different providers working, the Every day Specific mentioned. Poll thresholds would even be raised “to make it tougher for strike motion to happen throughout all sectors”.

With 1000’s of individuals ready for hospital therapy and the NHS going through a staffing disaster, addressing the well being service’s “creaking infrastructure” can even be important, mentioned the Specific. Truss has mentioned she desires to treatment “micro-management” inside the system, and has vowed “to scale back Whitehall management”. 

However Richard Murray, head of well being think-tank the King’s Fund, has warned that the PM’s plan to spend £13bn of presidency funding allotted to clearing ready listing backlogs on social care as a substitute can be “robbing Peter to pay Paul”, The Guardian reported. 

4

How will she safe the UK’s power provides?

The problem on the root of the cost-of-living disaster is the way to defend the UK from fluctuations within the wholesale value of oil and fuel. The Occasions reported final week that Truss is about to approve as many as 130 new oil and fuel drilling licences within the North Sea as “one among her first acts as prime minister”. This might be a part of a “two-pronged method” to safe “extra fuel” from Norway and maximise home manufacturing.

Nevertheless, these “exploration” licences “are unlikely to carry costs down within the fast future”. Environmental campaigners argue that oil and fuel produced within the UK might be offered on a world market, thereby “providing little profit to home shoppers”. 

In the meantime, Truss has been “silent on insulation or power effectivity investments” that might decrease fossil gasoline dependency and “truly carry down payments”, mentioned Donnachadh McCarthy in The Unbiased. She mentioned she was towards increasing the UK’s renewable power community, significantly on photo voltaic farms. However quickly her “vacation from actuality must finish”, mentioned Paul Mason in The New European. 

“Throwing out insults on the entrepreneurs and – sure – farmers who’ve quickly scaled up Britain’s photo voltaic capability within the years since subsidies had been withdrawn is the sort of factor you do if there aren’t any civil servants to remind you of the details,” Mason mentioned.

5

Can the Conservative Celebration be united?

In July, a televised Tory management debate “uncovered the celebration’s brutal divisions”, mentioned Rachel Wearmouth in The New Statesman. And the controversy made clear that the brand new PM will inherit “a fearful celebration deeply divided about what lies forward”.

In keeping with YouGov polling, 84% of Conservative voters consider the Tory celebration is split, with simply 5% saying it’s united. After 12 years in energy, 4 common elections and now a fourth prime minister, “the exhaustion could also be too nice and the rifts too deep for the celebration to get better”, mentioned The Economist.

Uniting the “bitterly divided celebration is key”, mentioned The Occasions. “Removed from abating, the resentment” between the Truss and Sunak camps “solely intensified” as their management campaigns “dragged on” this summer season. 

“Truss believes that there’s a path to unity,” the newspaper mentioned. However a senior ally instructed the paper that they suppose uniting the Tories is “past doable”. 

Sunak’s supporters “will transfer towards her”, they continued. “This winter goes to be terrible.”